"Borrow mountain in" mountain city park construction
--in yingkou economic and technical development zone of park for example
Author: ZhangKuo units: shenyang construction university level 2008 urban planning and design graduate students
【 pick to 】 mountain park is small and medium-sized construction of urban mountain into the park. Because not all of the cities of the mountains with such advantageous conditions mountain park construction, so the city could use mountain construction part of the landscape. This article is from "borrow mountain in" this view to yingkou economic and technical development zone of park, for example, explore the city mountain in the construction of the park features.
【 key words 】 mountain landslides prevails, borrow park
A. Mountain park in the city uniqueness
City park, the mountain is one of the indispensable landscape elements, to the hill country of no city, it is the most modern park mountain is to use the pond dug into the soil built. China from ancient have paid more attention in the application of mountain landscape, the purpose is to create "a mountain forest" the natural scenery. But although rockery has a "piece of mountains have send, inch rock sentiment" charm, but its size and form by the restriction of the will. And it is natural terrain in mountain park on the basis of the converted to use, so the construction of the first mountain park conditions is that natural terrain. With a small mountain to the city can have mountain park construction condition, so the park is not only in the city by the unique green park, at the same time to have the mountain park in the city, city landscape and therefore has the unique.
2. "borrow mountain in"--the urban construction of the mountain park advantage
Mountain with its unique geographical location in the city in a passive position, in the high speed of development in the process of urbanization, the land resources shortage makes people increasingly more attention on the economic value of urban land, many small mountain mostly as a city to use land for residential purposes. Actually to can have small mountain city, for example, it is undoubtedly a lucky thing, it is absolutely city in the "right" conditions.
As a natural high mountain city, looking down at the location of the city is the best; The mountain is undoubtedly the growth of plants nature gives the best gift city; The terrain to transform can enhance the park move line for the residents to provide more content; Plant species more rich, with a rich landscape level.
More and more attention in the environment of today, this park construction can maximum protection city in the natural terrain, reflected the people to the natural respect; As the green mountain city park to enhance the city vigor; And to create a unique view effect. Show the city landscape also can promote the uniqueness of the development of city tourism, for city bring long-term economic benefits.
3. In yingkou economic and technical development zone of the park as an example to explore specific instructions
3.1 of the general situation of the park
Yingkou economic and technology development zone in liaoning province is located in the southern coastal zone. As the sea with a unique natural landscape conditions. Development zone north south side facing the topography, formed by the shape of the ban shan, of which the city's small mountain pass through. Qinglongshan mountain is situated in the city park in the east, now near this part of the city mountains have transformed by the park. The main purpose is to park construction for people daily rest fitness activities sites provide.
Qinglongshan park city belongs to regional park, its main is for development zone middle area service. With more rich content and facilities in the green. The park with western classical gardens landscape of combining the design concept, the use of natural mountain layers of decorate landscape. The application of Chinese classical garden elements, reflect the cities on the 300 years history in the respect, at the same time, in order to make better use of the existing landscape used in modern design techniques, on the other hand the expression for the city life time progress environment from the good changes.
3.2 qinglongshan park "adjust measures to local conditions" design gimmick all show the beauty of the lake.
Of the park of the design characteristics of lies in its merger between Chinese and western style. And the artful place is by far view, the overall embodies the Chinese imperial garden imposing manner. Visit is near of modern landscape breath. Its most can highlight the landscape features mountain park has four kinds:
(1) western terraced landscape:
Platform is the design of landscape square to relatively slow slope topography of the most reasonable use, classical Chinese garden and the steep mountain nature preference, western gardens of the platform landscape more show people change nature ability and means, and China is to show respect and respect for nature. Such artificial momentum platform landscape can give people bring shock visual experience. Urban GuangChangXing park absolutely not have characteristics.
(2) natural mountain landscape:
"There is no way at a siler lining" this is the closest to the nature of the mountain to describe. Although the development zone of mountain scale is not large, but its relief relative and the same type of mountain is rich, have two place relief steep valley, the valley of the valley of the bridge, the naturally formed pool of water, and the people in the city with but like the body in the mountains. In this design gimmick embodies the respect of the natural environment, urban environment of the concept of sustainable development is blended in among them.
(3) road sports landscape:
At first glance the order of the design is no mountain, which may be the mountain landscape design the most reflect the intention of means. The design of the road basic retained the original route, honed by years of a mountain path is the most close
Daniel, this is the zone of the ancients respect expression. To add to the fun of a walk in the mountains and avoid mountain landscape bring the monotony of vision, the west mountain roads are designed to people to exercise route.
(4) the top of the mountain view landscape:
The top of the mountain, is the most important mountain park site. On top of the mountain the commanding heights of the construction of the multilayer observation deck, deck will be divided into a number of levels, the role of the mountain city park in the most thoroughly embodied here. The top of the copy of the classical built viewing tower, from different levels can overlook the whole yingkou development zone, new city of old city appearance. Although this is the end of the landscape, but it is the climax of the spiritual realm people. Thus the people's mind and city is an organic whole, promote people to the city's emotion. This is the general urban green park far not achieve the spiritual realm.
3.3 of the park for yingkou economic and technology development zone with the favorable factors
For urban residents provide good activity places; Improve the environment of the city quality; Unique landscape effect. Urban environment for sustainable development to make contribution; Attract more future population tourism, investment, promote the city economic development; Strengthening the emotional communication and city, improve the city of pride.
Four. Mountain park construction and urban development relationship
4.1 to promote the development of the regional characteristic of the city
By the construction of the park have limitations, but it is the limitations of the city for the achievement instead special scenery. In today's such beckoning s, the city will the development of economy in the most important position. The city is also used as a tiny terrain mostly the commercial development. In recent years the development of city in with environmental issues.
4.2 promote urban environment
Not only meets the mountain park city residents of the job of recreation activities demand, beautification the ecological environment of the city. The important thing is the mountain park construction only retain the original geological features of the city, and the gentle slope of the mountain slope, gives the different interest level space, and the mountain of setting for people with high city exchange brought about by the contribution should not be neglected.
4.3 enhance people and urban emotional communication
Since ancient times, "the race" is most people enjoy the stress reliever. But because the location of the city for plain area commonly, so the city had to human to create viable conditions to meet such spiritual needs. And mountain is easily solve such needs, and to strengthen people and overlook city appearance is the emotional communication.
Encourage advocate with tiny terrain and small mountain city will natural terrain maximum retaining and used as a landscape construction use, this city is the inevitable requirement of sustainable development. Not only protect the original city of landform, to avoid the field leveling engineering investment at the same time for the city residents outdoor life brought the more interesting.
By the construction of the park will be the largest of these cities is greatly raised the city landscape features of the charm, thus become the city landscape as part of a city on the economy benefit. Urban development "borrow mountain in".
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