Jinan city bus station for for engineering analysis
Ergonomics Analysis in Jinan Public Transport Stations
Author: JiXiuYun zhang hui has ZhaoYingXin
Shandong university level 08 design art master jinan through ten road 17923, the main campus of shandong university zip code 250061
Abstract: the bus as an important way of urban public transportation, is the important tool of city dweller. While the city bus stations as the bus service system of the necessary facilities, its design is particularly important. Combining with the design of the bus station in jinan city basic situation, through the questionnaire and on-the-spot investigation and way in jinan investigation bus station, using the basic principle of human engineering and theory, each part of the bus station are analyzed and studied, points out that the urban bus stations on the design, there are many unreasonable, not perfect factors, and according to the specific problems to solve the problems are proposed the corresponding conceptual design idea of jinan city bus station improvement design to provide certain reference.
Key words: the bus station; Humanized design; ergonomics
Abstract: Public transport buses as an important way, is an important tool for the person in the city. And the city public transportation platform as the bus service system facility, its design especially is important. Based on the basic situation of Jinan public transportation platform design , we used the ergonomics basic principle and the theory, analysed and study public transportation platform each part, indicated that the city public transportation platform has many unreasonable and the imperfect factor in the design. According to the specific problems we propose solutions to the problem of design, which provide a reference design for the improved design of the public transportation platform in Jinan City .
Keywords: transportation platform; Humane design; Ergonomics
The bus is a passenger is big, wide distribution forms of transportation. The design of city bus station is and construction of city level close association, is the direct embodiment of the city taste. Therefore, we should pay attention to the design of city bus station and building. The design of the bus station directly related to people's life safety and body health and other aspects. Therefore, to the city bus station for the man-machine engineering analysis is of great significance.
The bus station is convenient bus stop and by and by bus passengers waiting and the place. At present, jinan bus station by bus stop, stop general, bus lines diagram, ads, seat, and garbage can wait a few parts. To understand the current problems existing in the bus station, we further investigation.
1. The bus stop modelling man-machine analysis
Bus stop ceiling and mesa design should be fully considered humanized design. Through the survey and analysis of jinan bus stations, we draw on existing not satisfied with passengers stop the most attention in the shading and shelter from the function. The existing bus stop is completely open, do not have enough zheyu wind function. Jinan existing bus stop altitude generally is 280 cm or so, ceiling width is 150 cm or so, bus stop 20 degrees upward raked the ceiling of the design way, so really can play to block rain or shading effect of the area for 200-280 cm area between, passenger average height in the 160-175 cm between, so stop on the ceiling, the existing design is not reasonable. Ceiling width is too narrow, rise to cover the area is too small. There is two main reasons, one is a bus stop no height or highly enough platform, 2 it is to stop area exceed mesa stop the width of the ceiling. So stop width to the appropriate increase the roof, and stop the mesa place to have a certain height, and stop the width of the mesa than on the ceiling, the width is small, the design of the way in the rain dc won't take passengers wet clothes. Mesa height should stop with existing bus lowest flat floor, is apart from the ground, more than 20 centimeters, this design can avoid passengers go by car Wallace steps actions. Most of the top modelling stop ceiling design, in much rain, rain go down before flowing downwards eaves, so it is not convenient bus passengers up and down. So flat roof design is not the best way, suggestion ceiling modelling design USES the "middle concave" design form, so on the ceiling, the drainage from its two ends eduction, relatively flat roof design is more convenient hop on passengers, avoid being water get wet.
2. The bus stop and bus route map design analysis:
Bus stop and bus line chart is carried by bus information platform. Information service is a bus stop and bus line graph the most essential service content analysis and research, the jinan city bus stop design form not unified, some bus stop just with a simple indicate this site name plate, stop is too small to passengers easy to miss. For bus lines diagram of the layout, this paper argues that should be the main consideration to the following aspects: (1) the bus route map design of the overall high range should be fully consider people's factors, convenient passengers using, jinan bus route map design top height in 200 cm or so, but the public transportation in the circuit diagram text information at the bottom of the content is apart from the ground height is 90 cm, passenger average height is the 160-175 cm, for lower stop information content, passengers must through the bend over or kneeling to access to information act, for passengers to check stop information cause great not convenient. In addition with the arrival of internationalization, stop information content should be designed for both Chinese and English language form, for different passenger demand. (2) is placed in a vision problems people also can easily see position, and whether it has the unity. And stop the content of the text information design should meet the following content:
A. graphics and clear, the content is clear, the number of restrictions. Whether can very easily be passenger identification.
B. in many environmental stimuli, words can make full cause people's attention, easy from interference in the background show.
C. colour and whether there is a definite meaning symbols with effective is to use, easy to be the receiver quickly understand.
D. aspect ratio is the right proportion of the text.
E. text and background the brightness of the screen than whether it is appropriate. Text and background than the brightness of the screen brightness, depends on the text brightness and the surrounding environment lighting three factors.
3. The bus stop function analysis:
Bus HouCheZhan is connected with the bus passengers of the main traffic facilities. Its main function embodied in the security people waiting for, up and down the vehicle safety and convenience, comfort, is to provide public car dock and passengers waiting places. Bus stop construction, except for its function and provide shade weathered old women and children the rest of the seat, with real-time information display function outside, along with the social science and technology progress, people's way of life is also constantly change, computer inquires system and audio-visual equipment and other facilities can into the bus stop. Passengers can through the computer inquires system access city maps, busline, audio-visual equipment can release the weather information and important news. Computer inquires user and terminal is the machine as a vehicle for communication, and computer inquires the terminal user panel is to accept user input and output of the operation that human-computer interaction interface, computer inquires to meet people terminal design the physiological and psychological needs, just have very high agreeableness, comfort and safety. Computer inquires terminal design of the interface should pay attention to the following questions:
(1) the operator pose when operation is easy. Design should try to avoid bending over, probe, and so easy that the operator not comfortable position. Such as design should be considered when computer inquires the height of the terminal, the operation button and interface position, and the control panel Angle, etc. Hand in nature to relax state, not at will lead to the wrist and uncomfortable state operation.
(2) computer inquires interface terminal screen is strong light resistance, it is easier to operate. The people's cognitive function into feeling, information processing, the decision and reaction four sub-functions function, and are dependent on the brain memory. People have forgotten, and prone to errors, poor concentration, inherent weakness. Interface should as far as possible to reduce the user operation when using the amount of memory, should try to avoid the possibility of error. Interface should use the button, easy to operate and other function key icon to reduce the complexity of the interface, users through the button, the shape of the color and the diagram above can operate. At the same time, computer inquires the software design also the terminal must conform to the user's cognition. Users don't need too much dependent on the specifications, according to the interface of the guide or the meaning of ICONS can be natural in operation.
3. The bus station energy problems
More science and technology progress, people to energy higher and higher demands are proposed, bus stops the energy problem also should follow the sustainable development and environmental protection design idea. Now technology can achieve in the bus stop adding the top roof solar panels, use of solar energy, and stop bottom add in roof such as small air conditioning type design, which greatly improved by bus passengers waiting for the environment and increasing the bus stop comfort. At the same time solar power can also be used in bus stop advertising light box and stop the text message lighting function, even in the insufficient light at night and passengers can be clear of identification information content.
Bus service system and facilities is poor, to a certain extent in also restricted the bus service level improvement. The bus station as a city bus service system important link, its design should meet the needs of the people, because the person is the use of urban environment subject, as an important public facilities in the city, bus stop should have beautiful exterior not only, more should have enough practical function.
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