According to the building materials testing industry several problems existing in the management and improvement measures
(suqian construction project quality safety jiangsu suqian taixing 223800)
At present, building materials inspection work is construction engineering safety quality supervision and the important means, is to do a good job in engineering technology guarantee the safety and quality of work. The author expounds the work of building materials testing management are the main question and the reason, and to discuss the management of the building materials detection corresponding countermeasures to improve, for reference for the same.
A, building materials testing management of the status quo
Construction engineering materials detection is in the process of project construction quality control one of the key links, all the material approach to acceptance may be put into use, each acceptance link can also testing, test data. The testing data of the authenticity, accuracy directly affect the quality of the construction and security. Since began to carry out the supervision and administration of the detection since, by strengthening the management of building materials testing institutions, improving the reliability of the test data, and also ensure the engineering quality and safety according to the measures for the administration of construction engineering quality test the requirements of the ", implement testing management
One is the building materials detection realize test data automatic acquisition. Will the traditional universal test machine, pressure test machine mechanical dial shows, people read the value of the test way transformed into the test data automatic acquisition way, concrete, cement, steel mechanical properties test and realize automatically data acquisition, to avoid the numerical, read for visual manual record of personnel error even bring is wrong, fundamentally eliminate the human factors in the test interference, greatly improving the detection work of justice. Report all automatic according to the time sequence, the construction unit and test personnel separation, specimen and separation orders, which greatly improve the test of justice.
2 it is testing work informatization management system realizing the province city network. This city has a test results unqualified project account monthly report system and structure security unqualified 24 h reporting system, basic completion of the inspection work in the information management system networking and upload data work. Unqualified building materials can be a timely to clear out the construction site.
Three is to establish a check sample lien system. Codes, standards clear requirements should be retained samples should be according to the provisions of the program, environment, quantity, time and request a lien; Standard, no specific standard requirements, the non-destructive inspection sample and repeatable, should be in sample to detect or after test lien 3 d; Destructive sample, should be in sample to detect or after test lien 2 d. For the detection results and have questions testing institutions can do random, timely back at any time.
Four is implementing testing personnel system of card mount guard. The organization to detect personnel assessment, assessment qualified by the engineering quality inspection personnel management manual ", shall not engage in corresponding engineering quality inspection. Prevent testing personnel for level and ability is not enough and lead to test results distortion.
Second, building materials testing management of the main problems and reasons
Although for building materials inspection agencies increased the strength of management, but detection work in the development process is still exist "false, disorderly, low, lack of the phenomenon of"; False: performance in the test specimen of false, process of false, data of false, conclusion false; A: performance in the test unit interior management is chaotic, order is in the test market disorder; Low: performance testing personnel quality low, low level of testing technology, testing management level is low; Lack of: performance in the absence of management means and technical measures.
One is the testing institutions of the particularity of the nature of work. Testing institutions in the nature of work and the general productive enterprises of different, also different with general agency, because the quality of the object detection discreteness, sample extraction randomness, some samples for testing and destroy the measuring data don't have sex, repetition, the measuring work even the appearance of testing results and the objective reality doesn't agree with the situation is difficult to distinguish responsibility. A few testing unit and testing personnel is to use the particularity, revise the data even to commit fraud.
2 it is testing institutions daily self supervision and management is not enough. The test report qualified or not, for building materials suppliers and construction unit is very important, directly affect their economic interests, it makes a few testing personnel found personal "rent-seeking" power resources. Some people in private transactions make NWCC, for a clique or has the law for gain, make "customs inspection", the serious influence on the testing results of the reliability and reality. The existing detection institutions according to the laboratory aptitude review guidelines set up the system of supervision also tend to make some form, rarely usually look links and specific fine check; Request for testing personnel lax, internal weak supervision, found that the problem is not probe; Basic gave up on specific work process of supervision.
3 it is the current engineering quality test model testing unit to third party not guarantee fairness status. Mainly displays in engineering test fee paid by testing unit. According to People's Republic of decree no.113 of the construction of the construction engineering quality test management method "regulation, the test fee for the construction units, this will be more effectively change detection institutions detection action, to test organization form a larger policy support. But now the situation has not formed.
Four field engineering quality and testing is responsible behavior cannot be directly connected. Although examination management measures specific provision of testing unit testing is not "just to kind of responsible," but that also can't take as a main body of responsibility for the detection institutions and engineering site quality responsibility for effective connection. There are quite a part of the construction units and supervision unit, managers, only to test the stage as a material pass.
Five test is not guarantee behavior. With the opening of the market economy, especially the test market overall let go and various kinds of questions also follows. There are quite a large part of the test organization was more concerned the economic benefit of enterprise, the behavior is not been effectively constraint and monitoring.
Six is testing institutions small phenomenon to cause market of vicious competition. Testing institutions small scale, market access is low, certainly will produce YiHongErShang, the pursuit of short-term benefits behavior, the serious influence testing standards and quality: at the same time, produce the jobholders low, backward in technology, go against the testing field detection technology innovation and development.
Seven is management department lacks strong regulatory means. At present the competent construction administrative department or quality supervision mechanism of human conditions due to limited, is difficult to testing institutions "all-weather" regulation, and most of the testing specimens of damage detection, it's hard to do "all".
Four, building materials testing management improvement measures
In view of the existence question and the reason, in order to further strengthen the building materials testing management, improve the building materials regulatory level, and improve the management of building materials detection way, can be "perfect a platform, activate the two field, carries out the three square responsibility, the four subjective" into the key work of building materials detection.
One is the perfect testing information platform, and do it in a timely, accurate information. Although the city has basically completed the test industry information management system, but networking and upload data work is not in time, detection is incomplete, not information accurately. Complete test information platform construction, do real-time transmission test information, relevant departments timely judge, processing, a suspected, the wrong building materials detection results, can timely into the spot inspection agencies.
2 it is activated construction site and testing site, realize the interaction between two games, and gradually will test organization "only to kind of responsible for" change for "construction site shall be responsible for the quality". Construction site and testing site it is two relatively independent field, the construction site building materials product description of the situation and sampling the construction units and supervision unit, complete, testing unit in the work performed on site test, only the sample to sample the examination results is responsible for, often can't really reflect the actual quality of the building materials product status. Should make construction site and testing site linked to each other, from the construction site of building materials product information tracking the inspection situation to the test, from the scene of the detection test conclusions traced back to the scene of the construction of building materials product status, realize the interaction between two games, and keep the construction site and the detection of consistency, really reflect the quality of building materials product and characteristics. Implement inspection agencies participate in sampling and sampling system, and witness samples of the relevant parties jointly responsible for the accuracy of the, ensure the quality of the specimens can represent maternal condition, and eliminate testing institutions "only for the samples will be responsible for the speculative psychology, and through preaching urged testing institutions really to strengthen internal management, and to eliminate" fraud "behavior. Through the engineering testing sampling, testing integration, let as main body of responsibility for construction project detection institutions should assume the responsibility.
3 it is to implement building materials supply and use, test three party responsibility. Witness samples from three party to deepen the confirmation, is to hold building materials suppliers, once produce detection conclusion, we may be able to confirm all responsibility, smooth realization unqualified products QingChang and to use of units of the warning. Use party, including the construction units and supervision unit, reasonable use and witness tested using the product, this is the guarantee the quality of the project at all. Detection party shall ensure that the testing an objective, fair, really reflect the construction site building materials product quality status. This is the key to ensure project quality. Should give full play to the role of the three kinds of objects, through the clear responsibility parties, regulating the parties behavior, can effectively work of the detection of false, a phenomenon.
Four is the four subjective, in view of the "false, disorderly, low, lack of" the implementation. Establish inspection institutions and testing personnel credit file and the reports, complaints system. Testing institutions and testing personnel to include credit files testing institutions and testing personnel test market performance, the illegal activities and other bad behavior records. In the credit file record test organization, the examination personnel's bad behavior, and the qualification in place as the mechanism, business of the addition and industry valuation, appraising the important basis. Establish a credit file and the reports, complaints system, and the bad organization and personnel timely processing, play its deterrent effect, can effectively reduce "fraud".
One the one hand, to establish engineering quality test flight examination system. Establish inspection system is flying for project quality to detect an effective way of real information. Also is to strengthen project quality to detect the important means of dynamic supervision. The results of the inspection shall be incorporated in the flight test organization and personnel credit files. For collective cheating, cheating, many social repercussions larger testing unit, increase the punishment.
In addition to establish independent of owner and outside of the construction of the "third party testing" testing costs. In the construction engineering separately presented in, and resolve test organization of dependence, perfect testing institutions and impartial status. Use inspection agency of the socialization of detection, qualitative inspect institutions to the building materials and finished products during the construction enterprise internal supervision and control the way of combination of. Construction enterprise internal lab only as the enterprise internal quality management system in a department, its issue test report may not be as project completion acceptance record information.
To execute even major engineering detection of the tender. In establishing the market credit system on the premise of that important engineering, key project, large engineering can be set up to the bidding project inspection institution, this will help test market development and competition of reasonable. At the same time avoid the entrust unit will be the same unit of the same type of engineering project detection, entrust several detection institutions for the detection of behavior.
Building materials testing management work is a difficult and heavy, we should stand in the new beginning, unified the ideological understanding, unified industry action to try and mechanism reform, from the ideological change, administrative, economic restructuring and improve technology to improve the multi-pronged, the management of the examination unit formed close supervision network, in the enterprise since the tube, self-discipline, government under the action of effective supervision, building materials testing will be healthy development.