Construction supervision on engineering construction organization and management role
High rain guangxi guilin southern construction supervision of engineering limited liability company zip code: 541004
Pick to: engineering construction supervision system in our country has nearly 20 years of history, is our country construction in a major innovation. Supervision system is in the process of reform and opening, in the construction field in the growing international communication and the use of foreign capital of the rapid growth of the results. In the construction engineering, the supervision work can effectively control the engineering quality, time, cost, and other key elements, in view of its important role, the author in this paper to engineering construction organization and management of construction supervision of effect are analyzed and discussed.
Keywords: engineering construction, construction supervision, organization and management, role
Supervision of project construction, it is to point to supervision by the commission of the enterprise project legal person, and the engineering project of investment, quality, schedule control, and contract management, information management and organization, project supervision practice director responsibility system, supervision engineer as independent, just the third party to project management, all the concealed work, lifting project quality must be made by supervision engineer a visa to the next process to construction.  of the engineering construction supervision system in our country has had more than 10 years history, is our country construction in a major innovation. Supervision system is in the process of reform and opening, in the construction field in the growing international communication and the use of foreign capital of the rapid growth of the results. In the construction engineering, the supervision work can effectively control the engineering quality, time, cost, and other key elements, also can be in a certain degree inhibit corruption in engineering construction, because of this, the supervision of the construction of the project leaders get great concern.
A, a recognition of the importance of project construction supervision should be improved
Construction supervision organization is according to the relevant regulations of the state, to perform construction contract and supervision service agreement, to ensure that the engineering construction effective supervision and management of the basic organization guarantee. It has a clear organization setting principle and compare the strict organization set rules to ensure the organization can in total supervision engineer, under the leadership of the flexible and efficient in the engineering supervision work.
Whether the owner or construction unit, the recognition of the importance of project construction supervision there are certain error, main body of work in construction supervision for positioning of the parties and the knowledge of the relationship between each other is a fuzzy zone.
First is the owners. The owner of the construction project for the biggest stakeholders, the first impression of supervisory staff think as their employees, must be for their own interests service, all of the interests of the owner shall be the gain and loss for the standard of work success or failure.
Next is the construction units. Because of the particularity of the supervision work, make construction unit thinks the interests of the owner supervisory staff is "voice", not as an independent third party supervisory staff to look at.
It is because of the above both know has the very big fuzzy zone makes the project construction there is relationship between parties the coordination of the connectivity of the phenomenon. For example, the inspection engineer if discover engineering construction there exist many problems, and suggest not construction, but their opinions are not effectively implement often; For example, if the project quality problems, due to the various interested parties to the understanding of the supervision work there are pitfalls, again pursue construction quality responsibility, will often appear parties and the phenomenon of mutual shuffle disputes over trifles.
So the construction project quality supervision mechanism and all parties must recognize that in our country the past project construction management system, the responsibility, right and interest, not clear, runaway investment, progress control, the quality of out of control of the phenomenon to appear unceasingly, caused many fishing engineering and high investment, low efficiency and start, not only project completed a long tail engineering, waste a lot of construction funds, make the construction project lost many of the benefit of the good opportunity, has done a lot of damage. 
In the 20 years of construction supervision of time process, the supervision work can effectively control the engineering quality, time, cost, and other key elements, also can be in a certain degree inhibit corruption in engineering construction.
Second, different supervision organization model and its different organization and management role
At present our country mainly have three supervision organization model.
1. The owner supervision organization model. As the name suggests, this model is the owner don't employ independent third party supervision, but directly of the construction of the construction supervision work, in this kind of supervision organization model, the owners responsible for project management is also responsible for supervision and management.
This kind of supervision organization model suitable for smaller, engineering, this time the owner usually strong technical ability and management ability. In this kind of supervision mode, the owner of the construction unit can carry on the omni-directional (both macroscopic aspects including micro) control, because in the whole construction system of the owner and the construction unit only two party, supervision work easier to cast.
Because this kind of supervision of mode is a persistent bad, difficult to adapt to the trend of the division of professional, not effectively train supervision talents and make the country in large and medium-sized project construction to eliminate the owner supervision this kind of supervision organization model.
2. The third party supervision organization model.
This kind of supervision mode in construction project is choose professional degree is high, have relevant qualification of society to the implementation of the third supervision institutions supervision and management.
In theory, supervision engineer plays the role of intermediary agencies, relatively independent, objective and impartial to ensure that the interests of the owner and the contractor. This kind of supervision way is to international practice way, and is also the relevant domestic department encourage and promote the supervision way, the first, the second stage of the three gorges project construction is basically to third party supervision organization model. 
In this kind of supervision mode under, owner of the supervision function because leave out, the department relatively lean, can more deeper processing daily of project management, such as major matters of examination and approval, decisions and coordination, and so on.
But this kind of supervision organization model also has certain drawbacks, such as, the inspection effect depends on the discretion of the third party supervision institutions of the supervision's professional quality of high and low, practice moral level, accountability system, and so on the integrity of the degree elements.
3. The hybrid organization supervision mode.
Mixed supervision organization mode is putting the two kind of organization mode organically.
This kind of supervision model main characteristic is: owners themselves office or director representative office established director; Social supervision is mainly responsible for the site supervision, basically assume only quality supervision, progress supervision, cost supervision and contract management and other major by the owner directly control; Owner agencies still set in project management department, and sent staff directly involved in site supervision or supervision work.  use the hybrid supervision model achieved good effect of supervision is xiaolangdi project and ertan engineering.
In the third party supervision institution is not mature finalize the design today, the hybrid supervision organization mode or a little bit advantage. The owner can, through their own intervention in a great degree make up for third party supervision of organizations are weaker, legal consciousness and supervisor practice ability, lower organization coordinated ability were so poor own disadvantages.
But in this kind of supervision organization model, the third party because there with the business relationship, it is difficult to keep independent supervision position because of the owner and the third party supervision institutions exist affiliate relations, shall be investigated for legal responsibility issues in the inevitable responsibility identification of the situation is not clear.
To sum up, the top three models of each has his strong point. In practical terms, the first mode, namely the owner supervision organization model applicable to suitable for smaller projects, and owner usually strong technical ability and management ability; The second kind of mode, namely the third party supervision organization model has a clear supervision responsibilities, status, function, and the parties relationship clear, is the mainstream of the supervision organization mode; The third kind of mode, namely the mixed supervision organization pattern mainly suitable for the owner has a lot of talent and supervision program supervision of the industry.
Three, last word
The establishment of the system of construction supervision of construction project management in our country is on the specialization, standardization and socialization development road. Especially the owner and the construction units into the supervision service between provide third party supervision organization, in the owner and the construction entity and the owner and the third party supervision between agencies form relatively effective project management system, the management system of the economic contract as a link to the parties to the economic ties to building quality and raise the level of construction as parties to restrict each other, promote each other, cooperation means. By means of bid employ a third party supervision institution, can promote engineering project management in the supervision of a mechanism for competition, and can effectively promote the improvement of the quality of project investment and cost reduction, and shorten the construction period, which enables our supervision system to improve the development of more mature.
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