China on the mechanism of supervision industry construction
(yangzhou industry vocational college, jiangsu yangzhou construction engineering, 225127)
【 abstract 】 according to China's present supervision industry, the existing problems of the supervision industry based on the foreign advanced management concept and model, this paper puts forward some Suggestions of the system construction
【 key words 】 supervision mechanism construction industry
Since joining the WT0, China has gradually from the half open, half the state of protection toward full open, this regarding the development of China's economy to participate in a global words in, share the global spend income is undoubtedly a historic opportunity. At the same time, the impact of the international competitiveness of industries face, must be fully adjust, close to the international practice, capture the development opportunity, into fast and the international community.
China construction supervision industry, as China's construction of a new power, is increasingly growing, but due to start later, compared with international standards, difference. To build our country construction supervision is beneficial to the healthy development of the industry mechanism, fostering the international competitive supervision enterprise, should begin from the following five aspects:
A further standardization management, industry
1. Will the bidding system fell in effect
The public bidding system perfect and carry out supervision industry is formed in the fair competition, reflect superior bad discard the fundamental guarantee of this market rules, excellent enterprise development and expansion of the prerequisites. Now supervision company in China in the scale of operation, service quality, technical force and so on various aspects difference is very big, the management consciousness different. A lot of small, informal supervision company, due to technical strength is weak, professional quality is low, service quality is poorer, backward management, makes the personnel cost low, low cost management, can with the lowest price offers beyond industry boundaries and regular company. If the owner to know enough, it is easy to make the disadvantages to "advantage", and so on, not only engineering quality monitoring are not effectively, but also to the development of the industry is very adverse. To change this situation will have to regulate their own behavior of market supervision company, deeply who commits the bidding system, market competition into the ordering, standardization stage. The main should from the subjective and objective aspects improve: subjective aspects, that is, required the supervision company consciously abide by rules of the starry night, strict self-discipline, take the fair competition means, the open market; Objective aspect, by the government administrative organization or social industry management organization supervision association of companies and individuals exercise supervision and management of the market, the offender a heavy fin.
2. The government administrative management and industry management to harmonious and unified
At present to the supervisor of the company and supervision engineer management departments have the discipline inspection commission, the ministry of construction, is built appoint wait for each the functions of the government institutions at various levels administrative management and supervision association of community organizations for industry management. Both of the functions and duties is not very clear, the management style has greatly behind supervision enterprise's development, the functions of the hostile to adjust and division, improve the management level and the strength of management, it is urgent.
Second, set up a scientific, the modern supervision management system
The supervision enterprises in China with the international community, to meet the challenge of global competition, we must start from the existing original capital accumulation phase of the primary management model rise to the scientific, the modern management mode. Through their own experiences accumulated in the basis, actively learn foreign advanced management experience, and combining the actual situation in our country, to build their own modern management system, make enterprise every act of all the base and the development of their own specific targets, and have scientific argument basis, through the system management implementing smoothly. The management system including marketing management and administrative management, personnel management, labor quality management and technology management, and other system, reflected in the market in order to collect information, the contract price, scientific manpower and resources, implement supervision contract standardization and unified, project cost and profit of enterprise operation to verify, accurate risk budgeting and other aspects.
Three, supervision service standard
Because of project construction supervision at present our country has no unified standard and standard, only regional procedures and standards, and this kind of rules and norms of principle only, no stipulations of deep into the details of the supervision service and service depth requirements. So our country supervision work situation is: the supervision company in specific supervision contract execution process, can only be based on its own management ability to service details and depth regulation, not very formal supervision company don't even do provision, but the director in the flexible, even if the normal large supervision company has a specific provision, but also because of different levels, director of engineering practice different reasons, causes the same company's different project, service effects are also different. This kind of condition supervision industry standardization management caused great difficulties. So the industry management departments shall be supervision industry authorities and the supervision companies to the supervisor of the service every link and service depth specific provisions, gue the original supervision service main contents of the concept of a charged with two tubes are measured, and to each part of the project, disciplines, unit test, test standards and methods for standard, i.e. to supervision service the effects of concrete interpretation, only so can make the social from all walks of life, especially the owner to make supervision service to achieve and effect are fully know, contributes to promoting the supervision of industry development.
Four, improve the social status of supervision
Supervision service is a kind of high intelligence and high technology services to its executive main body a supervision engineer require very high: has the abundant professional knowledge and practical experience; Strong organization coordinated ability; And understand it economy, management, legal comprehensive talent. In practice, the theoretical level of supervision engineer and practical experience in the construction market should be better than the other two big main bodies (the construction units and contractors), will show the important role of supervision, finish the task supervision. Therefore shall a man is supervision company survival and development foundation, supervision company for the talent requirements also occupies the highest standard of construction market, bear for several reasons as supervision service fee rates than international level take quite low, lead to supervision engineer income is not high, supervision company capital accumulation is slow, social status is not high, attract qualified personnel is hard, the serious influence supervision, the development of the company, at the same time also hindering the development of the industry of supervision.
Today, the Chinese supervision industry must quickly find a nurturing large-scale famous brand supervision company road, improve the social status of supervision is one of the necessary conditions, concrete from the following several aspects:
1, adjust the remuneration supervision fee rate, then increase supervision company capital operation ability, for its development and expansion provides favorable conditions.
2, from industry management Angle to further strengthen supervision engineer training and testing, qualified personnel at all levels to clearly define, in the supervision company is of high income and the treatment, the supervision enterprises will have a stable talent team.
3, strengthening social supervision function and position to know. When the owner to the supervisor in the construction of the importance and necessity of the full, after the correct understanding of the social status of supervision to fully affirmation, good supervision company and talent to stand out, not qualified supervision company and the supervision companies and supervisory staff be eliminated, the inspection will be fine good living environment and development space.
Five, implement joint strategic supervision
In the present stage of our country market supervision company operation ability and international level than the industry is far distance, most just based on their experience and the accumulation to foreign advanced enterprise learning is not enough, this kind of means make the company develop very slowly. In the development of the company to a certain scale, must through using advanced market operation means of others, achieve rapid development of purpose, only with the advanced supervision consulting company cooperation can we ranked international supervision of the market to smooth integration.
In addition, construction supervision and construction in the industry, its survival and the development and construction this environment is inseparable, supervision of industry development is the basis of construction development, to the construction industry urgently needs to be this environment
Improvements in the following aspects:
1, building market standardization '
Not standard construction market is the current project quality problems caused by the main causes, it is required in the construction market of three main parts: the construction unit, the contracting units, to standardize the market supervision unit, their behavior, and the construction unit and contractors for market behavior standardization construction supervision industry is the premise of the healthy and stable development of guarantee. Contracting units of problem to solve main have f construction market competition and standardization, 'construction team unbalance of supply and demand, construction team technology of low content, etc. The owner of the behavior of supervision standard is important, its main concern is to solve the problem, and through cutting system. Because our country is in the plan economic transition period, many construction in the process of behavior, the owner of the concept, unidentified, lead to investors responsibility, owner chief responsibility system can't land on feet, finally affects the quality of the project.
2. The transformation of government functions
The administrative management department changing functions, in order to form an open, fair competition mechanism, to create a good environment for the purpose, the change in the past the management mode and method, perfect the laws and regulations, strengthen the project's macro management, reduce the micro monitoring. At the same time, the administrative departments should strengthen the market main body consciousness of service, should be bold innovation, cut the examination and approval link, in order to realize the construction market standardization management, improve the quality of the construction work, adapt to the market economy system requirements as the purpose, from the point of view of service to ensure the project implementation.
In for a time, both domestic and international two market will gradually and axle, and supervision industry also will present new characteristics: comprehensive supervision enterprise and small and medium-sized enterprise professional together constitute the main body of the market supervision. Enterprise will be mainly through the performance and credit to establish the competitive power in the market and status. Have market position and good credit is the only choice for interests, supervision status will be improved obviously and comprehensive security. I believe in the near future the supervision in China will have a whole career obviously a qualitative leap in international supervision stage will more and more appear China supervision figure!
 the state standard of the People's Republic. Construction project supervision standard
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