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从传统到现代

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  From tradition to modern-to modern city landscape painting on changes of the response
  LiZhenYu
  (gansu institute of politics and law college of art gansu lanzhou 730070)
  Abstract: urban landscape is one of many of the functions can see, remember, the enjoyable and cause psychological reaction of the viewer. This can see the basic property and painting visual characteristic fit together. In fact, many of the modern painting works directly based on street view.
  Key words: the city landscape, building on drawing, image
  Since the impressionist paintings of the beginning of the modern socialist, not only realize painting from the traditional to the modern socialist realistic representation of the construction of the form change, modern city, as the art activities take home, also from then begin to hold the artist's vision, but, with the urbanization process into the metropolitan stage, the city's population surge, powerful from rural to urban immigration fact, industrialization, informationization, the urban environment of mass reconstruction and political based in big cities of all kinds of sports, and also brought many negative effects. Thus, in the course of modernization pursuit of critical thought excessive urbanization also pose, such as Benjamin, adorno and other western scholars and single urbanization reform a harsh attack. For the purpose of the same criticism, building on drawing from the first to the city landscape also and modern way of life of visual experience to modernization and urbanization reflection of the results. Produced different from realism and impression of many of the modern art forms of, such as symbolism, surrealism, "new art movement" and Austria Vienna separation sent art, and so on. Many of those art movement is to the west of the fast development of modernization, urbanization process of the response, but the difference is, that response with evident critical color. Modern art from the start, the art is closely related to the city and on the road, the development of the city with new landscape is not only to the artist with fresh visual experience, modern city, as a new way of life is deep influence the artist's status, lead to the creation of form and the change of work face. As Dave Harvey said: "massive urbanization appear under all sorts of problems such as the population expansion, unemployment increased, environmental pollution, traffic jams, crime... right now by the problems of pressure became kinds of modern socialist movement which one of modern doctrine is a hotbed." a city of art ", "its natural behavior" obviously in the city looking for. (1)
  Building on drawing attention to the city's vision is a from appearance to the image, and environment in the role of the two-way process.
  1. Appearance
  As a modern city life place, the most intuitive "as" is the city landscape, as the city image, the landscape to the person's emotions and feelings influence is the most direct, it as part of the urban space even have their vitality exists, we can't ignore landscape itself has expressed its own ability. So, in art works, landscape as "object" won the subjectivity of the preceding possibility. And for the painting art for, "The Times" expression form is with a fresh, appropriate image of contemporary society to face the actual appearance and specific experience of life, tend to new visual experience is a effective way. "Watch before language, children watched the, identify, after talk again", (2) John. Bloomberg in his book emphasizes the importance of main body watch, it is established in our watching the status of the world around him. To MaNai impressionist painter, degas and painters, new urban reality has brought fresh visual experience, they began to systematically study and the performance Paris city, drawing some city in the landscape, like streets, squares, bar, cafe, racetrack, assembly, outing, and so on, even if they are the most often presents scenery, also not be to such as natural painter's rural natural landscape, monet, renoir, and JiYe, west of the weasley is mostly around the city landscape painting, quiet river, elegant buildings, the noisy rally, night cafes, etc, they used the rich color language expression of metropolis landscape and middle class of leisure life sensitivity. The main body of the impressionist painter watch obviously is very important, it produced a form the works of face, and at the same time, they give colour, line and form factors independent of the aesthetic value of the traditional painting is open the road of the change. But the biggest impressionist painting charm lies in the reflected the 19 th century city landscape and middle class of everyday life. Although KuErBei, MaNai painter advocate and art for art, especially impressionist painter, claim form (light color, structure, media, etc.) prior to the theme, but "want to enjoy the city's will always lead to meet this desire means". When the situation specific to the content and subject matter, you'll find that the main body of the impressionist watch is based on 19 century city landscape such a fact. It is an obvious artists and the environment in the role of the two-way results, rather than the artist's subjective will reflect the unilateral.
  2. Image
  The image is the brain's ability to copy of feeling, "meaning" is subjective and objective "as" combination. "Landscape" meaning not only limited to external characteristics, and produced in the external landscape of the internal psychological landscape, that is "by the people's life and feel of the city construction. So for the attention of lies not only in the city and in a new visual concepts and language expression city landscape, the city still load the modern people's spiritual and emotional, and we age and social cultural features, like simmel said: "in the spiritual life of the formation of the big city has only a very important position". American painter Edward • HuoPo in Paris in 1906 to contact the baudelaire poetry. Baudelaire to loneliness, city life, modern social views affect HuoPo a lifetime. In the modern socialist art agitation is the strength in the age of HuoPo realistic city landscape painting appears very isolated, living in New York city he seems to have been in the busy city of the edge of life, in a roof, a window, he is like Benjamin described the "rover", staring at his eyes the city street is the opposite upstairs, a room, a fast food restaurants around the corner of the window, or the bedroom unknown woman...... , the painter to New York city for background of the creation of a series of works can say is the 20 th century American city art the representative, he often works using radial light and shade contrast strongly, open the composition and appearing alone character image, as well as the "spectator" or "peep at the" visual Angle, make the picture of a city people lonely psychological state, suggesting that the modern life and the alienation of strangeness. Whether the pilot or the specific image picture Angle, give a person such a strong feeling, even he painted warm color attune country scenery, look also let the viewer feel a kind of my sadness, HuoPo deep realistic style will modern city landscape into modern people's psychological landscape, causing the common resonance.
  Since the 1990 s the modernization of China, it is the city of large-scale expansion and citizen consumption to launch, and the upheaval in the city also reflected in the representation made people internal psychological landscape, for example, in the early 80 s, part of the change of local realistic painter is the obvious example. Although later Chinese fine art of work, there are still farmers, farming, rural image, such as luo zhongli painting, and his "father", etc in the vernacular, the theme of works after, also in self artistic style in the change, after a series of creation of bashu country as the theme of the paintings in, and paint a lot of strong original tendency of rural scene, exaggerated modelling, passionate lines and colors, and those in the drawing rural men and women image and appear plain mystery, let us feel familiar and unfamiliar but, critics call it: "local". This "after" not only represents a kind of inheritance and continue, at the same time also means conversion, though still subject matter and the native language, but lost in the real meaning of the local care, but a based on the background of modern life, for the traditional vernacular of memory and nostalgia, with others to local, folk custom is the creation of artists such as theme ChenJianAn, DuanZhengQu, such as DuanJianWei is fundamentally similar, is this to native of attention or insist, already the yesterday's native, but through the eye of urban culture and city fashion language to witness. Artist 钟飚 painting in China in the 90 s in the urban arts representative, in "the 1997", "the gunmen", "when love has a history" and so on a series of works, after ninety s from the urban landscape and civic activities of images to symbolic form and buy together, and display a contradictory, familiar and unfamiliar urban landscape and survival experience. And contemporary pop style is different, 钟飚 works of tall buildings, street walk, McDonald's, fashion youth, automobile, beauty, and so on, shows that he seems to be more willing to show Chinese society of the emergence of middle class life, just as did impressionist first sensitive to the metropolis of middle class of leisure life. Is a person's survival attention, this made it works in contemporary cultural sense than the value of some sociology.
  References:
  (1) culture editor: the cultural modernity is pithy reader [M], Chinese people's university press, Beijing 2006
  (2) John. Bloomberg: "watch the way" [M], guangxi normal university press, 2005

论文来源:《建筑学研究前沿》 2012年第2期
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