建筑施工中电气工程监理的意义 - 凤凰彩票购彩,凤凰彩票购彩攻略,凤凰彩票购彩大厅
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建筑施工中电气工程监理的意义

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  Construction of the significance of electrical engineering supervision
  High rain guangxi guilin southern construction supervision of engineering limited liability company zip code: 541004
  Pick to: electrical equipment to upgrade to speed up, and installation technology to the development of all the electrical engineering construction projects for the construction of more and more important for electrical engineering investment is more and more big. In the article, the electrical engineering supervision in the construction of the related factors and the significance of the discussion.
  Keywords: construction, electrical engineering supervision, meaning
  Preface:
  The progress of the society, the development of science and technology and the improvement of living standards are so the electric engineering in the whole building engineering according to the proportion of more and more high, people of high quality life requirement also let construction unit to put more attention to the electrical engineering, electrical engineering supervision work will be a lot of attention.
  According to the current situation, the whole building construction investment about one over ten of all is the electrical engineering construction funds. Large construction fund occupation ratio also explained the importance of electrical engineering increasingly prominent out, so, want to realize the ideal effect of the construction is in the construction of electrical engineering design, construction and operation link link management links should be effective control and grasp. So how to control and mastery? This needs to be in the whole of electrical engineering design, construction and operation link link management link effective supervision, make sure that each link is not the quality problem.
  A correct understanding of electrical engineering, the characteristics and to the entire construction project of significance
  1. A correct understanding of the characteristics of electrical engineering
  Electrical itself has a high voltage electricity and the points. It is very wide, the range of requirements is very strict, for example, and civil of the water supply and drainage and hvac etc have close relations, and related technical specifications, technical standards, technical procedures, and so on are rigorous and detailed requirements.
  Electrical engineering construction should be in understanding the characteristics of the electric after related construction, engineering should hold these characteristics of electrical to electrical engineering supervision of the detailed rules for the implementation of work, in the process of implementing rules should be more around the characteristics of electrical do the actual supervision work.
  2. The correct understanding of the whole construction electrical engineering project is of great importance
  In today's society for the entire construction project electrical engineering is the importance of self-evident, because electrification and the development of intelligent building is one of the basic trend. If the whole building construction project as a computer word, so the electrical engineering is the computer's central processor. At the same time it also plays the role of power, for the whole building can provide its operation need energy.
  Building electrification and the trend of the development of intelligence not only make the importance of electrical engineering is becoming increasingly conspicuous, has made it to the entire construction project quality of high and low, the length of the time limit, the amount of investment and the realization of the expected effect or not has exerted an important influence of directly. Only one of the engineering quality, and it's the quality of the high and low on the building the safety performance of the overall energy saving effect, and after the completion of construction of the actual use effect (included in this life and staff of the safety, efficiency and comfort), and so has very important restriction or promote role, as for is restricted or boost will depend on the quality of the construction of the electrical engineering, electrical engineering construction quality of high and low in the very great degree with relevant construction supervision.
  Here needs explanation is, the safety in the above involved range is very wide, such as electric equipment, line is existence leakage or a fire hazard, fire alarm and linkage control system is perfect, running normal function, fire control equipment, emergency lighting power supply is reliable, security monitoring system is complete, and so on. [1]
  Second, how to grasp the significance of the electrical engineering supervision
  Electrical equipment to upgrade to speed up, and installation technology to the development of all the electrical engineering construction projects for the construction of more and more challenging. Also because of this, the difficulty of electrical engineering supervision is growing.
  How then can science accurately grasp the significance of the electrical engineering supervision?
  1. The reasonable arrangement of the high quality specialized technical personnel.
  Arrange technical personnel is by the following several aspects of the decision:
  First, building engineering of the development of electrical engineering upgrade speed very fast, so new technical difficulties and key emerge in endlessly;
  Second, the electrical engineering construction projects is very wide range of large span and technology, usually includes electrical design, electrical equipment, electrical installation and electrical commissioning, for example in more complex electrical engineering including the often high voltage distribution, computer application, microelectronics, TV engineering technology and intelligent management, and many other projects;
  Third, electrical engineering can use the electric equipment of the variety of products, and update quickly, so need professional ability strong technical personnel for the corresponding control technology.
  Precontrol is one of the important characters of electrical supervision, technical personnel should possess high quality to practice is the role of a "precontrol", otherwise, don't understand the technology key and difficult, "precontrol" cannot survive. Work with technology as an example, the contractor for construction, it need to read in advance about the technical requirements of the construction drawing, and to put forward the design work units, through the design of the unit answer to understand design intent. In the whole process if do not have high quality technical personnel's participation, "questions" and "answers" are unable to realize.
  Electrical engineering supervision in the whole personnel should carry out construction engineering "to weigh two head, the middle of the supervision method, the high-quality professional technical personnel and stage on the arrangement, ensure the high quality of the supervision work.
  "Heavy two head" of the "two head" here refers to the "beforehand control" and "afterwards controls," including "beforehand control" mainly includes the related technical clarificaiton work, electrical engineering drawings HuiShen work, the construction unit of the audit work ability construction, the actual construction scheme for the job, and so on. Solved "in advance" precontrol work, can make "y" the difficulty of the control of ease; "Afterwards controls" mainly includes technical data archive and audit, commissioning links, and the completion acceptance work, etc. Equipment debugging belong to "afterwards control". In some complex industrial project as an example, sometimes debugging very smoothly, sometimes is extremely arduous time-consuming. Adjust PM, with high technical content is important reasons. And although the completion acceptance technology difficulty is small, but the great responsibility, participate in acceptance of the construction of electrical supervision engineer, must be experienced, the basic skills are solid, and the project legal person fully authorized personnel. [2]
  "The middle" of the "middle" here refers to the "course control", relative to the above two control for, "course control" appear more to have long-term sex, because it will implement in the whole process of electric construction. Implementation of the course control supervisory staff, asking them to grasp skilled construction process and craft, understand the construction machinery and equipment, engineering material properties and the application method, has the corresponding quality control and evaluation, engineering measurement, and other aspects of the skill, has enough knowledge chart ability, the rich construction experience and strong sense of responsibility, the implementation course control personnel requirement is focus on the actual operation. [3]
  2. Make the security supervision work electrical engineering.
  The "prevention first" safety construction way to carry out the whole process of electric construction, construction project departments must earnestly implement the work of the day before work safety work, a review of the construction unit safety equipment and tools, corresponding technical prevention measures are in place, can't empty and cope with.
  At the electric equipment to meet the use of temporary power of relevant management regulations. The specific contents should include:
  First, use TN-S power supply system to electrical engineering temporary power supply systems, power supply. TN-S power supply system in total power supply the power source line the special protection of PE and work zero line N strictly separate, and has good electricity safety.
  Second, set the leakage protector and should adhere to the level 3 protection and "just one brake, a leak a box" principle. [4]
  Third, different power supply situation need different voltage, so in special power supply should be in strict accordance with the relevant situations of the provisions of the power supply voltage by safe level.
  Fourth, in strict accordance with the requirements of temporary electricity to electrical equipment installation location selection, the corresponding protective measures, wire selection and distribution wiring, and classification work.
  Fifth, electrical equipment operation and maintenance personnel must be obtained by trained professional electrician certificate of mount guard finish. All kinds of electricity staff all should master basic knowledge in a safe manner and equipment used performance and operation procedures. [5]
  Last word
  Electrical engineering supervision of construction project is of great significance. In electrical engineering in the supervision work, reasonable arrangement of high quality professional and technical personnel and do the electrical engineering safety supervision work is very important, electrical engineering supervision of construction projects to the important significance of also can get very good implementation.
  References:
  [1] YangDeYi. On electrical engineering supervision [J]. Science and technology consulting, project management, 2009 (12) : 165-167
  [2] lee add life. Building electrical engineering supervision some ideas about the [J]. China's new technology, new products, 2010 (13) : 187
  [3] PengJuGuang. Building electrical engineering supervision [J]. J, low voltage electrical engineering, 2007 (14) : 29-33
  [4] name liu sea. On building of electrical engineering supervision work [J]. China's new technology, new products, 2010 (18) : 167
  [5] zhao will static. On building in the construction of electrical engineering supervision [J]. Hebei coal, 2009 (01) : 49-
  [6] JiangChuanYu. About building electrical engineering construction supervision work [J]. Science and technology information, 2010.01:105-108.

论文来源:《建筑学研究前沿》 2012年第2期
转载注明来源:http://www.gelisagency.com/8/view-2229922.htm



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